Aditya G.S Writes: It is often said that whatever goes up must come down. History has enough evident to prove this; every trend has witnessed its rise and fall. Though, some of it has lost its relevance to the modern world while some of them still continue to be a trend to be followed, such as democracy. Every major event in history is someway related to the start and end of this trend. The collapse of USSR showed us irrelevance of communism in the modern world and the need of reforms for communist states such as China and Cuba to survive. The revolution in France also set the trend for revolutions and overthrow of monarchs. The similar push of an event was seen with the start of world wars. This event was called globalization.
Globalization is the integration of various cultures and markets of countries into one. This includes trade and migration which was most probably a one sided domination by the developed countries, in the name of colonisation. The increase in migration and trade was due to factors such as industrial revolution, renaissance, reformation, technology development, geographical differences etc. But ever since the great wars or the world wars took place it witnessed huge change in economic and political conditions of the world. Colonial powers could no longer control other countries and would have to depend on them for troops, goods and labour during and after the wars.
The end of world wars witnessed the following of the democratic trend by all the new independent countries and the former vision of slave and master relationship of the nations perished with the start of cold war. Here the new countries were welcomed by the developed countries politically and economically, attracting them with new trade and migration policies. This globalization of cultures and economy was a huge advantage to both the hosting nations which had citizens of inadequate skills or of less population, and also to the educated masses of new countries which had poor living conditions, these masses started to migrate towards the host countries. These advantages however slowly changed into disadvantages for the host country that had to look after the burden of new migrants and loss occurring trades. The globalization policy also saw most of the losses to the domestic economy with a direct attack on the domestic products and citizens. Most of these citizens’ jobs were taken by migrants causing unemployment among the youths.
The migration trend has seen its peaks of over 4 million in early years after the war to nearly 65 million in the year 2016. This is leading, to a huge chaos and hatred towards the migrants by the hosting nations. This has led people to turn against the migrants and migrant policy. Unfortunately this peak moment of the migration trend is coinciding with a series of global events. This event has witnessed the rise of right wing in the countries all over the globe. With BJP as ruling party of India and refusing Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar, Trump as a president of USA and refusing migrants from other countries along with getting out of free trade agreements, Britain’s decision to exit from the European union and Turkish people’s decision to reside more power to a prime minister who is already criticising the migrants, leaves the word globalization and migration at stake of negative publicity, decline in growth rates and unsurmountable challenges for the migrants in the host nations..